C-SPARGER® “GENESIS OF OZONE SPARGING”
It all started with the belief that ozone, one of nature’s most powerful oxidants, could be deployed as small gaseous bubbles throughout the pores of a contaminated soil matrix to immediately react with and destroy volatile organic contaminants. From that belief, a new remediation method was born.
The ozone sparging process (C-Sparge™) employs nano- to micro-sized bubbles of air encapsulated ozone created by injecting an air-ozone mixture through invisible pores in KTI’s Spargepoints®. Pressure-pulsing the microbubbles of air/ozone through soil and groundwater yields rapid clean-up of a host of contaminants by means of in-situ chemical reactions that leave only water and beneficial oxygen as byproducts: O3 + 2H+ + e- ? O2 + 2H2O
Pulsing the air/ozone mixture enhances the process scrubbing capacity, gently pushes the bubbles through soil capillary pores, and by providing appropriately-sized bubbles, eliminates channeling.
In-situ ozone sparging treats a wide variety of contaminants: Saturated hydrocarbons such as petroleum hydrocarbons (alkanes); MTBE; 1,4 dioxane; chlorinated ethanes (1,1,1 TCA, DCA); and unsaturated hydrocarbons such as chlorinated ethenes (PCE, TCE, DCE, VC); BTEX; methylbenzenes; chlorinated phenols (PCP, DCP, etc.); energetic (RDX, HMX); polycyclic aromatic hydrocargons (PAH); PCBs; pesticides such as Heptachlor, Aldrin, Dieldrin.
- Wide variety of treatable contaminants
- Low Capital equipment/operating costs
- Requires standard 120 VAC household current
- Minimal installation site disturbance; low site profile
- In-situ rapid destruction of targeted compounds
- Clean reaction; no hazardous byproducts
- No vapor control necessary
- Pulsed microbubble oxidant injection ensures maximum contaminant contact
MODEL 5100 (WALL-MOUNT) C-SPARGER® SPECIFICATIONS
¾ or 1 HP (2-5 SCFM) continuous service compressor
8-16 gr/hr (0.42-0.84 lbs/day) ozone output
Delivery pressure up to 75 psig
6-24 sparging zones
PSA oxygen concentrator
3/8” – ½” carrier tubing
7 Panel dimensions:
Gas Panel: 43”W x 29.5”H x 12”D
Oxygen Panel: 18”W x 27”H x 10”D
ALSO AVAILABLE FROM KTI:
KTI constructs a wide variety of larger mobile and
stationary modular Perozone® and C-Sparger®
oxidant injection systems:
Ozone: 1.5 to 50+ lbs/day
Scroll compressors: 3.0 to 30+ hp
Zones: As many as needed for your site
Multiple points per zone
Trailers include climate control.
Optional telemetry and maintenance plans
Always…exemplary equipment and site support
Trailer and wall-mount rental systems available
AMBIENT OPERATING CONDTIONS – All Systems
? 40 - 90°F and less than 80% relative humidity
UL LISTED: US and Canada #E241880
Perozone®, C-Sparger® and Spargepoint® are registered trademarks of Kerfoot Technologies, Inc.
The apparatus and methods are covered by one or more of the following patents: U.S. Patent Nos. 5,855,775; 6,083,407; 6,284,143; 6,306,296; 6,312,605; 6,436,285; 6,447,676; 6,582,611; 6,596,161; 6,780,329; 6,805,798; 6,827,861.
EU Patent No. 0851843 (national countries). Other U.S. and foreign patents pending.